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Curtin University
National Drug Research Institute

Preventing Harmful Drug Use In Australia

NDRI adjunct staff member


Monica Barratt photo

Dr Monica Barratt

Research Fellow

Telephone:
Fax:
Email:



m.barratt@unsw.edu.au

Introduction

Dr Monica Barratt has been affiliated with the National Drug Research Institute since 2002 and with Curtin University since 1997. Monica’s research has focused upon understanding psychoactive drug use within internet-saturated societies, and has found that internet forums enable the consumption and production of drug information, facilitate the production of alternative online places, and are increasingly converged with offline social worlds.

In July 2014, Monica commenced a National Health and Medical Research Council funded early career research fellowship at the Drug Policy Modelling Program, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales. In this role she will explore the challenges and opportunities of internet technologies for understanding trends in novel psychoactive (or new ‘synthetic’) drugs.

For more information, visit monicabarratt.net or follow @monicabarratt.

Qualifications

  • PhD National Drug Research Institute, National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University
  • BSc (Hons) Psychology, School of Psychology, Curtin University

Research Interests

  • Drug harm reduction
  • Impacts of drug laws and policies
  • Monitoring of new drug trends including analogues and 'legal highs'
  • Drug user participation and involvement in the research process
  • Ethics in online research
  • Online interviewing
  • Survey research methodology

Memberships

  • Member, International Association of Internet Researchers
  • Member, International Society for the Study of Drug Policy
  • Member, PRISM (Psychedelic Research in Science and Medicine)
  • Member, Global Drug Survey International Advisory Group
  • Member, Alcohol and other Drugs Council of Australia (ADCA)

Current projects

  • A mixed-methods study of drug use at outdoor music festivals in Western Australia and Victoria Details
  • Online survey of small-scale domestic cannabis - Part of an international research collaboration Details

Publications

Barratt, M.J. and Aldridge, J. (2016). Everything you always wanted to know about drug cryptomarkets* (*but were afraid to ask). International Journal on Drug Policy, 35, pp. 1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.07.005 [RJ1259] Paper

Barratt, M.J. and Ezard, N. (2016). Drug checking interventions can track the nature and size of the discrepancy between self-report and actual drugs consumed. Addiction, 111, (3), pp. 558-559. DOI: 10.1111/add.13194 [RJ1196] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Ferris, J. and Winstock, A.R. (2016). Safer scoring? Cryptomarkets, social supply and drug market violence. International Journal of Drug Policy, 35, pp. 24-31. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.04.019 [RJ1260] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Lenton, S., Maddox, A. and Allen, M. (2016). ‘What if you live on top of a bakery and you like cakes?’ – Drug use and harm trajectories before, during and after the emergence of Silk Road. International Journal of Drug Policy, 35, pp. 50-57. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.04.006 [RJ1103] Paper

Butterfield, R.J., Barratt, M.J., Ezard, N. and Day, R.O. (2016). Drug checking to improve monitoring of new psychoactive substances in Australia. Medical Journal of Australia, 204, (4), pp. 144-145. DOI: 10.5694/mja15.01058 [RJ1222] Paper

Caudevilla, F., Ventura, M., Fornísb, I., Barratt, M.J., Vidal, C., lladanosa, C.G., Quintana, P., Muñoz, A. and Calzada, N. (2016). Results of an international drug testing service for cryptomarket users. International Journal of Drug Policy, 35, pp. 38-41. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2016.04.017 [RJ1267] Paper

Lenton, S., Grigg, J., Scott, J.A. and Barratt, M.J. (2016). The social supply of cannabis in Australia: Definitional challenges and regulatory possibilities. In Werse, B. and Bernard, C. (eds.) Friendly Business - International Views on Social Supply, Self-Supply and Small-Scale Drug Dealing. Springer VS, Stuttgart. pp. 29-46. [CH207] Paper

Palamar, J.J., Barratt, M.J., Ferris, J. and Winstock, A.R. (2016). Correlates of new psychoactive substance use among a self-selected sample of nightclub attendees in the United States. American Journal on Addictions, 25, (5), pp. 400-407. DOI: 10.1111/ajad.12403 [RJ1255] Paper

Potter, G., Barratt, M.J., Malm, A., Bouchard, M., Blok, T., Christensen, A., Decorte, T., Frank, V.A., Hakkarainen, P., Klein, A., Lenton, S., Perälä, J., Werse, B. and Wouters, M. (2016). Global patterns of domestic cannabis cultivation: Sample characteristics and patterns of growing across eleven countries. In Werse, B. and Bernard, C. (eds.) Friendly Business - International Views on Social Supply, Self-Supply and Small-Scale Drug Dealing. Springer VS, Stuttgart. pp. 163-196. [CH209] Paper

Barratt, M.J. and Lenton, S. (2015). Representativeness of online purposive sampling with Australian cannabis cultivators. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 323-326. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.10.007 [RJ1026] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Ferris, J. and Lenton, S. (2015). Hidden populations, online purposive sampling, and external validity: Taking off the blindfold. Field Methods, 27, (1), pp. 3-21. DOI: 10.1177/1525822X14526838 [RJ805] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Potter, G., Wouters, M., Wilkins, C., Werse, B., Perälä, J., Pedersen, M.M., Nguyen, H., Malm, A., Lenton, S., Korf, D., Klein, A., Heyde, J., Hakkarainen, P., Frank, V.A., Decorte, T., Bouchard, M. and Blok, T. (2015). Lessons from conducting trans-national Internet-mediated participatory research with hidden populations of cannabis cultivators. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 238-249. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.12.004 [RJ1049] Paper

Grigg, J., Scott, J., Lenton, S. and Barratt, M.J. (2015). Social supply of cannabis in Australia. Monograph Series No. 59. National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund (NDLERF), Canberra. ISBN: 1449-7476 [T239] Paper Abstract

Hakkarainen, P., Frank, V.A., Barratt, M.J., Dahl, H.V., Decorte, T., Karjalainen, K., Lenton, S., Potter, G. and Werse, B. (2015). Growing medicine: Small-scale cannabis cultivation for medical purposes in six different countries. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 250-256. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.07.005 [RJ1013] Paper

Lenton, S., Frank, V.A., Barratt, M.J. and Potter, G. (2015). Attitudes of cannabis growers to regulation of cannabis cultivation under a non-prohibition cannabis model. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 257-266. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.08.002 [RJ1015] Paper

Lenton, S., Grigg, J., Scott, J.A. and Barratt, M.J. (2015). The social supply of cannabis among young people in Australia. Trends and Issues in crime and criminal justice, December, (503), pp. 1-6. [RJ1027] Paper

Maddox, A., Barratt, M.J., Allen, M. and Lenton, S. (2015). Constructive activism in the dark web: cryptomarkets and illicit drugs in the digital ‘demimonde’. Information, Communication & Society, 19, (1), pp. 111-126. DOI: 10.1080/1369118X.2015.1093531 [RJ1102] Paper

Potter, G., Barratt, M.J., Malm, A., Bouchard, M., Blok, T., Christensen, A., Decorte, T., Frank, V.A., Hakkarainen, P., Klein, A., Lenton, S., Perälä, J., Werse, B. and Wouters, M. (2015). Global patterns of domestic cannabis cultivation: Sample characteristics and patterns of growing across eleven countries. International Journal of Drug Policy, 26, (3), pp. 226-237. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.12.007 [RJ1014] Paper

Stevens, A., Barratt, M.J., Lenton, S., Ridout, M. and Winstock, A.R. (2015). Social bias in the policing of illicit drug users in the UK and Australia: Findings from a self-report study (working paper). Medway: University of Kent . Available at: http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2618393. [UJ205] Paper Abstract

Barratt, M.J., Allen, M. and Lenton, S. (2014). ‘PMA sounds fun’: Negotiating drug discourses online. Substance Use and Misuse, 49, pp. 987-998. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2013.852584 [RJ887] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Ferris, J. and Winstock, A.R. (2014). Use of Silk Road, the online drug market-place, in the UK, Australia and the USA. Addiction, 109, pp. 774–783. DOI: 10.1111/add.12470 [RJ917] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Livingston, M., Matthews, S. and Clemens, S. (2014). Gaming machine density is correlated with rates of help-seeking for problem gambling: A local area analysis in Victoria, Australia. Journal of Gambling Issues. DOI: 10.4309/jgi.2014.29.1 [RJ770] Paper

Lawn, W.M., Barratt, M.J., Williams, M.L., Horne, A. and Winstock, A.R. (2014). The NBOMe hallucinogenic drug series: Patterns of use, characteristics of users and self-reported effects in a large international sample. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 28, (8), pp. 780-788. DOI: 10.1177/0269881114523866 [RJ1019] Paper

Lawn, W.M., Barratt, M.J., Williams, M.L., Horne, A. and Winstock, A.R. (2014). The N-BOMe psychedelic drug series: patterns of use, characteristics of users, and self-reported effects in a large international sample. Journal of Psychopharmacology. DOI: 10.1177/0269881114523866 [RJ928] Paper

Barratt, M.J. (2013). Negotiating ethical challenges in youth research [book review]. Youth Studies Australia, 32, (4), pp. 72-73. [RJ936]

Barratt, M.J. (2013). The road less travelled. Silk Road: Drug dealing evolved. Whack, 30, pp. 16-19. [UJ192] Paper

Barratt, M.J. (2013). Tracking emerging drugs in Australia: the case of NBOMe drugs. Prevention in Action – Australian Drug Foundation, April, pp. 8-9. [UJ189]

Barratt, M.J. and Lenton, S. (2013). Drugs and the internet. In Ritter, A., King, T. and Hamilton, M. (eds.) Drug use in Australian society. Oxford University Press, South Melbourne. pp. 272-293. [CH183]

Barratt, M.J., Cakic, V. and Lenton, S. (2013). Patterns of synthetic cannabinoid use in Australia. Drug and Alcohol Review, 32, pp. 141-146. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2012.00519.x [RJ849] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Lenton, S. and Allen, M. (2013). Internet content regulation, public drug websites and the growth in hidden Internet services. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 20, pp. 231-237. DOI: 10.3109/09687637.2012.745828 [RJ873] Paper

Bright, S.J. and Barratt, M.J. (2013). Explainer: what is NBOMe? The Conversation. [UJ193] Paper

Bright, S.J. and Barratt, M.J. (2013). The Kronic chronicles. Prevention in Action – Australian Drug Foundation, April, pp. 4-5. [UJ188]

Bright, S.J., Bishop, B., Kane, R., Marsh, A. and Barratt, M.J. (2013). Kronic Hysteria: Exploring the intersection between Australian synthetic cannabis legislation, the media, and drug-related harm. International Journal of Drug Policy, 24, pp. 231-237. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugpo.2012.12.002 [RJ877] Paper

Caldicott, D.G., Bright, S.J. and Barratt, M.J. (2013). NBOMe - A very different kettle of fish [letter to the editor]. Medical Journal of Australia, 199, (5), pp. 1. DOI: 10.5694/mja13.10926 [RJ921] Paper

Chiauzzi, E., DasMahapatra, P., Lobo, K. and Barratt, M.J. (2013). Participatory research with an online drug forum: A survey of user characteristics, information sharing, and harm reduction views. Substance Use and Misuse, 48, (8), pp. 661-670. DOI: 10.3109/10826084.2013.800117 [RJ888] Paper

Lloyd, B., Barratt, M.J., Ferris, J., Best, D. and Lubman, D. (2013). Factors influencing mortality among alcohol and drug treatment clients in Victoria, Australia: The role of demographic and substance use characteristics. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 47, pp. 859-867. DOI: 10.1177/0004867413491155 [RJ868] Paper

Winstock, A.R. and Barratt, M.J. (2013). Synthetic cannabis: a comparison of patterns of use and effect profile with natural cannabis in a large global sample. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 131, pp. 106-111. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2012.12.011 [RJ867] Paper

Winstock, A.R. and Barratt, M.J. (2013). The 12-month prevalence and nature of adverse experiences resulting in emergency medical presentations associated with the use of synthetic cannabinoid products. Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental, 28, (4), pp. 390-393. DOI: 10.1002/hup.2292 [RJ880] Paper

Allsop, S., Lee, N. and Barratt, M.J. (2012). Part 2: Personal perspectives. In Allsop, S. and Lee, N. (eds.) Perspectives on Amphetamine-Type Stimulants. I.P. Communications, Melbourne. pp. 117-158. ISBN: 978-0-9808649-9-1 [CH181]

Barratt, M.J. (2012). Markets, methods and messages. Dynamics in European drug research [book review]. Drug and Alcohol Review, 31, pp. 826-827. [RJ831]

Barratt, M.J. (2012). Silk Road: eBay for drugs [Letter to the editor]. Addiction, 107, (3), pp. 683. [RJ818]

Barratt, M.J. (2012). The efficacy of interviewing young drug users through online chat. Drug and Alcohol Review, 31, pp. 566–572. DOI: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2011.00399.x [RJ816] Paper

Barratt, M.J. (2012). The internet poses unique challenges for drug prohibition. The Conversation. [UJ174] Paper

Barratt, M.J. and Bright, S.J. (2012). Legal highs: what should we do about synthetic cannabis? The Conversation. [UJ186] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Bouchard, M., Decorte, T., Frank, V.A., Hakkarainen, P., Lenton, S., Malm, A., Nguyen, H. and Potter, G. (2012). Understanding global patterns of domestic cannabis cultivation. Drugs and Alcohol Today, 12, (4), pp. 213-221. [RJ872]

Bright, S.J. and Barratt, M.J. (2012). Kronic Hysteria: Emerging drugs and the consequences of prohibition. Victorian Alcohol & Drug Association News, Apr, pp. 5. [UJ180] Paper

Dwyer, R., Pennay, A., Green, R., Siokou, C., Barratt, M.J., Thomson, N. and Moore, D. (2012). The social contexts and cultural meanings of amphetamine-type stimulant use and their implications for policy and practice. In Allsop, S. and Lee, N. (eds.) Perspectives on Amphetamine-Type Stimulants. I.P. Communications, Melbourne. pp. 56-68. ISBN: 978-0-9808649-9-1 [CH171] Abstract

Wodak, A., Ryan, J., Griffiths, P., van Beek, I., Barratt, M.J., Lenton, S., Dolan, K., Rodas, A., Noller, G. and Farrell, M. (2012). Policy and practice in harm reduction in Australasia. In Pates, R. and Riley, D. (eds.) Harm reduction in substance use and high-risk behaviour: International policy and practice (1st ed). Wiley-Blackwell, Chichester, UK. pp. 405-423. [CH187]

Barratt, M.J. (2011). A trip down the Silk Road. Injecting Advice. [UJ170] Paper Abstract

Barratt, M.J. (2011). Blocked: Internet filtering, drug websites and harm reduction in Australia. Dovetail, 6, pp. 10-13. [UJ173] Paper

Barratt, M.J. (2011). Discussing illicit drugs in public internet forums: Visibility, stigma, and pseudonymity. In Kjeldskov, J. and Paay, J. (eds.) C&T '11. Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Communities and Technologies, Brisbane, Australia. ACM, New York, NY. pp. 159-168. ISBN: 978-1-4503-0824-3 [CH175] Abstract

Barratt, M.J. (2011). Drugs and information and communication technologies. DrugInfo, 9, (1), pp. 2. [UJ169] Paper

Barratt, M.J. (2011). Internet filtering, drug websites and harm reduction in Australia. Entheogenesis Australis (EGA) Journal, 3, pp. 102-105. [UJ172]

Barratt, M.J. (2011). Public submission to the ALRC National Classification Scheme review. [R250] Paper

Barratt, M.J. (2011). The proposed Australian internet filter: How will people who use drugs be affected? CentreLines, 34, pp. 2-4. [UJ171] Paper

Hunter, B., Lubman, D. and Barratt, M.J. (2011). Alcohol and drug misuse in the elderly. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 45, (4), pp. 343. [RJ769] Paper

Barratt, M.J. and Lenton, S. (2010). Beyond recruitment? Participatory online research with people who use drugs. International Journal of Internet Research Ethics, 3, (1), pp. 69-86. [RJ755] Paper

Livingston, M., Matthews, S., Barratt, M.J., Lloyd, B. and Room, R. (2010). Diverging trends in alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harm in Victoria. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34, (4), pp. 368-373. [RJ697] Abstract

Nielsen, S. and Barratt, M.J. (2009). Prescription drug misuse: Is technology friend or foe? Drug and Alcohol Review, 28, pp. 81-86. [RJ686] Abstract

Dietze, P., Cvetkovski, S., Barratt, M.J. and Clemens, S. (2008). Patterns and incidence of gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB)-related ambulance attendances in Melbourne. Medical Journal of Australia, 188, (12), pp. 709-711. [RJ633] Paper

Barratt, M.J., Chanteloup, F., Lenton, S. and Marsh, A. (2005). Cannabis law reform in Western Australia: An opportunity to test theories of marginal deterrence and legitimacy. Drug and Alcohol Review, 24, (4), pp. 321-330. [RJ466] Abstract

Chanteloup, F., Lenton, S., Barratt, M.J. and Fetherston, J. (2005). Effects of the Western Australian Cannabis Infringement Notice Scheme on regular cannabis users regarding attitudes, use, and drug market factors – Baseline, Year 1. National Drug Research Institute, Perth. ISBN: 1740674057 [T139] Paper

Chanteloup, F., Lenton, S., Fetherston, J. and Barratt, M.J. (2005). Expected impacts of the Cannabis Infringement Notice Scheme in Western Australia on regular users and their involvement in the cannabis market. Drug and Alcohol Review, 24, (4), pp. 311-319. [RJ467] Abstract

Lenton, S., Chanteloup, F., Fetherston, J., Sutton, A., Hawks, D.V., Barratt, M.J. and Farringdon, F. (2005). An evaluation of the impact of changes to cannabis law in WA – Summary of the Year 1 findings. National Drug Law Enforcement Research Fund, Monograph No. 12. Commonwealth of Australia, Canberra. [M55] Paper

Non-NDRI Publications

Barratt, M.J., Norman, J.S. and Fry, C. (2007). Positive and negative aspects of participation in illicit drug research: Implications for recruitment and ethical conduct. International Journal of Drug Policy, 18, (3), pp. 235-238. [RJ]

Johnston, J., Barratt, M.J., Fry, C., Kinner, S., Stoove, M.A., Degenhardt, L., George, J., Jenkinson, R., Dunn, M. and Bruno, R. (2006). A survey of regular ecstasy users’ knowledge and practices around determining pill content and purity: Implications for policy and practice. International Journal on Drug Policy, 17, pp. 464-472. [RJ]

Saunders, B., O'Connor, J., Marsh, A., Barratt, M.J. and Dale, A. (2005). Addiction Studies 401/501 Study Guide. School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth. [R]

Saunders, B., O'Connor, J., Marsh, A., Dale, A. and Barratt, M.J. (2005). Addiction Studies 402/502 Study Guide. Perth. School of Psychology, Curtin University, Perth. [R]

Stoove, M.A., Laslett, A.L. and Barratt, M.J. (2005). Victorian Trends in Ecstasy and related drug markets 2004: Findings from the Party Drug Initiative (PDI). NDARC Technical Report No. 226. National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Sydney. [T]

Lee, N., Caporilli, O., Connolly, K. and Barratt, M.J. (2004). Brief interventions for substance use. Intervention Guidelines. Turning Point Alcohol and Drug Centre, Fitzroy, Victoria. [R]